It is the organization responsible for the enforcement of law 25,871. It records entries and exits of people in the country; exercises the power of migratory police, and decides on the admission of persons to the national territory.
A dynamic, modern, efficient and transparent organization.
Committed to the full integration of people and the respect for the human rights of migrants.
Generator of useful information for making decisions on demographic or population matter, and for the inter-jurisdictional and international cooperation.
The NDM in Brief
The National Direction of Migration (NDM) is a decentralized organization acting in the scope of the Home and Transport Ministry of the Nation. Its current director is Dr. MartÍn A. Arias Duval. The NDM turned 64 years in 2,013, since it was created on February 4th, 1,949, during the presidency of Juan Domingo Perón.
The headquarters is located at Antártida Argentina Avenue 1,355, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, on whose land it is the ancient Immigrants Hotel (declared National Historic Monument by Order No. 2,402/1,990), now home of the “National Museum of Immigration”.
Duties and Services
- Verify enter enter/exit of persons to the territory at borders, airports and ports.
- Records, files and processes the flow of enter/exit of persons on all over the country.
- Evaluates and provides various types of foreign residence and changes in categories.
- Promotes the documentary legalization of immigrants and controls their stay.
- Takes part when the Migration Law N ° 25,871 is broken.
- Provides information to any National State organization or nongovernmental organization who requests it.
- Takes part in the National Commission for Refugees (Conare), an organization under the Home Ministry and which meet the seeking of asylum and refuge of foreigners.
- Together with the National University of Tres de Febrero (Untref), the NDM created the Institute of International Migration Policies and Asylum (IPMA) in 2,012, an entity designed to train, research and spread information related to the policies, activities and management of the migrations.
- Total population: 40,117,096
- Foreigner: 1,805,957, equal to 4.5% of the population (in 2,001 this value stood at 4.2%). From the total of foreign population, 1,402,568 are from bordering countries and Perú; while 299,394 were born in Europe, 31,001 in Asia, 2,738 in Africa and 1,425 in Oceania.
81.5% of them are native to the Americas. The majority community is the Paraguayan, with 550,713 members, followed by the Bolivian (345,272), the Chilean (191,147), the Peruvian (157,514) and the Uruguayan (156,592). Source: Census 2,010-INDEC.
From 1,869 to 2,010, according to national census, the population of neighboring countries resident in Argentina ranged between 2% and 3.1% of the total population. For example, in 1,914 they accounted for 2.6% and in 2,010 they were 3.1%. While not bordering countries residents, was above 27% in 1,914 and already in 2,001 reached just 1.6%.
Although since its origins, Argentina is an immigration country, according to the IOM (International Organization of Migration) Report on Migrations during 2,010, Argentina ranked 126 of 230 countries surveyed, placed among them New Zealand with 22.4% foreigners of the total population, Australia 21.9%, Canada 21.3%, Spain 14.1%, Sweden 14.1%, U.S. 13.5%, Germany 13.1%, France 10.7%, UK 10.4% and Italy 7.4%
Total area of Argentina: 3,761,274 km2
Area Continental Surface: 2,791,810 km2
Argentina is composed of 23 provinces and one federal district, the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, capital of the country.
Length of the Borders (Source: NGI - National Geographic Institute): in the American continental part, the border of the country extends over about 15,000 km, of which 5,117 km correspond to the coast of De la Plata River and Argentine Sea.
Length of the Borders with the five countries: 9,376 km.
With Chile: 5,308 km.
With Paraguay: 1,699 km.
With Brazil: 1,132 km.
With Bolivia: 742 km.
With Uruguay: 495 km
Structure of Action
The NDM operates through all the country and has a headquarter in Retiro, a joining building in the street Hipólito Yirigoyen 952, where works the Center of Quick Documentation (both in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires), 29 local offices all over the country and 3 migration offices, apart from 2 mobile units of documentation and procedures.
Membership to Mercosur Group
Members: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela and Bolivia (joined on December 7, 2,012; remaining ratification of the member countries).
Associated Countries: Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Guyana and Surinam.
Border Crossings Most Extreme
North: Salvador Mazza (Salta). Latitude 22 ° 10 '.
South: Ushuaia (Tierra del Fuego). Latitude 54 ° 48 '.
West: Cardenal Samoré (Neuquén). Length 42 ° 29 '.
East: Bernardo de Irigoyen (Misiones). Length 52 ° 02 '.
The NDM controls the enters/exits of persons directly or through Auxiliaries Polices: National Gendarmerie, Argentina Coast Guard and Airport Security Police. Within the territory, Argentina Federal Police and provincial police under agreements that are established are also auxiliary police.
The territory has 236 points where the control of entry and exit of people are made. Of these, 154 are land border crossings, 44 are ports without corresponding boundary and 38 are airports with international operations.
As border traffic, there are 74 crossings with Chile, 39 with Paraguay, 22 with Brazil, 14 with Uruguay and 5 with Bolivia.
The whole country’s migration control works online under the Integral System of Immigration Capture (Sicam) of Migration and under the Biometric Identification Federal System for Security (Sibios).
Since April 2,012, the migration control of entry and exit in the main terminals of the country is done through biometric technology that solve in less than 30 seconds the registration of entry and exit of the country of travelers under strict safety standards. This process consists on a photo shoot and the taking of the fingerprint, both in digital form, and is complemented by scanning the travel document, which records electronically the patronymic data and the use of digital signature of the inspector, who is who ratifies the migration movement and enables the enter or exit of the territory.
On April 19, 2,013 were settled 12.5 millions of registers, a figure that includes the activity of the five terminals on the Metropolitan Area (International Airport of Ezeiza, Jorge Newbery Airport, San Fernando Airport, Buquebus in Buenos Aires and Colonia Express Baires), apart from the airports in Córdoba, Rosario, Ushuaia, El Calafate, Mendoza and San Juan. The next destinations with this technology will be: airport terminals of Salta, Jujuy, Tucumán, Iguazú and Bariloche.
Qualify Institutional Policies
The organization certified under Rules ISO 9001:2008 the process of controlling the enter and exit of people of the country for the international crossings of the International Airport at Ezeiza Pistarini Minister and by the Buquebus Terminal at Buenos Aires Port, which means the beginning of a stage in the modernization of public management and the transformation of the organizational culture undertaken by the current leadership of the organization.
Likewise, the NDM has signed the Fourth Commitment Letter with Citizens, a program that seeks to strengthen the rights of recipients of services, access to information, expanding the use of computer tools to make easier the management of procedures and to go more deeply into a modern and efficient management.
Statistics of Admission of Foreigners and Migratory Movement